A swollen face is one of the most common reasons to seek out an emergency dentist.
They can arise due to a variety of causes, and treatment is dependent upon the cause, and an accurate diagnosis.
Swollen faces can arise very gradually over the course of a day or two, but sometimes can be rapid.
- Dental abscess
This is a collection of pus that arises due to a bacterial infection in the tooth, the gums or in the space around the tooth. It will require accurate diagnosis and treatment, and maybe some antibiotics. Left untreated, they can spread to other tissues and cause complications which may be potentially life threatening. Wisdom teeth, broken teeth and lost fillings are the most common cause.
Treatment is dependent upon the cause but can include root canal treatment, dental extraction, incisional drainage and/or medication.
- Orofacial Trauma
Any kind of trauma can cause swelling of the jaws. This includes direct blows to any structure around the face or jaws, including a dental extraction or surgery. If you have suffered injury as a result of a blow, it is important to have this assessed, so as to ensure that no bones are broken. Swelling following dental treatment normally can increase for the first three days and should gradually reduce-it normally responds to anti-inflammatories, and cold compresses may also help.
This can occur due to bacterial and viral infection of the sinuses, and also due to allergies.
It can cause pain, tenderness and swelling around the eyes, nose and cheek. There may also be associated difficulty in nasal breathing, tiredness, headache and fever. Occassionally you may feel fluid dripping down the back of your throat.
Decongestants, warm compresses and inhalation of steam are all helpful in relieving symptoms. If your symptoms persist, you may need to seek help for some antibiotics.
- Allergic reactions to medication and chemicals
Certain foods and medication can cause allergic reactions. Most people often know of pre-existing allergies, but if inadvertently exposed, you may develop a rash, fever and hives.
Occasionally, an allergy can be serious, leading to swelling around the throat,tongue and lips, and these may cause difficulties in breathing. If you experience any of these serious symptoms, it is important to seek emergency medical help.
Minor allergies normally resolve with time, or you may find over the counter medication to help.
It is important to let your dentist know of any allergies that you may have.
Swollen faces can cause a lot of anxiety, and left untreated can cause complications. Further help can be found by visiting an emergency dentist near me.